Haiti is located on the island of Hispaniola, next to the Dominican Republic. It is a poverty-stricken country, politically unstable and vulnerable to all kinds of natural disasters.
Climate change is causing more extreme weather phenomena such as a heavier rainfall and longer droughts. Hurricanes hit Haiti almost every year between June and November that are clearly gaining in intensity. The country is also located in an area where earthquakes occur regularly. Result: damage to water points, landslides and mudslides on already degraded slopes.
Pollution poses a serious threat to Haiti’s wetland ecosystems. There are several reasons for this: in the cities there is virtually no infrastructure for sewage or water treatment, waste is not collected, latrines are not systematically emptied …
Over the past decades, Haiti has experienced very rapid population growth, with agriculture and drinking water supply both unable to keep up.