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Financing water and sanitation at local levels: synthesis paper
This study explores local level financing of water supply and sanitation (WSS) services. It builds on the national finance assessment studies undertaken by WaterAid in 2005. While additional financing for the sector is necessary to meet the internationally agreed goals of water and sanitation, there is an emerging consensus that the efficiency and effectiveness of existing expenditures can be enhanced by greater involvement of local governments. This research has been done in 15 countries across Africa and Asia, through WaterAid country offices and partners. In each country, due to time and resource constraints only one local area was selected by the WaterAid country offices for detailed analysis. The findings thus are indicative, and cannot be generalised for all local areas in a country. The study was to test a research framework for assessing local level financing. This framework has worked well, and needs to be applied in other local areas to evolve more robust results.